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The return to preventing chronic disease in Europe and United States

Since the 1950s, life expectancy in Europe and the United States has improved at a steady pace, driven mostly by gains at older ages. However, these lives are punctuated by more chronic disease than ever before, contributing to substantial morbidity …

icio: Economic Analysis with Inter-Country Input-Output Tables in Stata

Several new statistical tools and analytical frameworks have been recently developed to measure countries' and sectors' involvement in global value chains. Such wealth of methodologies reflects the fact that different empirical questions call for …

The future of the elderly population health status: Filling a knowledge gap

The aging process in OECD countries calls for a better understanding of the future disease prevalence, life expectancy (LE) and patterns of inequalities in health outcomes. In this paper we present the results obtained from several dynamic …

Fast leave-one-out methods for inference, model selection, and diagnostic checking

In this article, we describe `jackknife2`, a new prefix command for jackknifing linear estimators. It takes full advantage of the available leave-one-out formula, thereby allowing for substantial reduction in computing time. Of special note is that …

The effect of local taxes on firm performance: Evidence from geo‐referenced data

This paper investigates the effect of local property tax for businesses on firm performance by using a panel of Italian manufacturing firms. To identify this effect, we implement a pairwise spatial‐differenced estimator and exploit the exogenous …

How health policy shapes healthcare sector productivity? Evidence from Italy and UK

The English (NHS) and the Italian (SSN) healthcare systems share many similar features: basic founding principles, financing, organization, management, and size. Yet the two systems have faced diverging policy objectives since 2000, which may have …

Spatial Differencing: Estimation and Inference

Spatial differencing (SD) is a spatial data transformation pioneered by Holmes (1998) increasingly used to estimate causal effects with non-experimental data. Recently, this transformation has been widely used to deal with omitted variable bias …

Consistent inference in fixed-effects stochastic frontier models

The classical stochastic frontier panel data models provide no mechanism to disentangle individual time invariant unobserved heterogeneity from inefficiency. Greene (2005a, b) proposed the so-called \"true\" fixed-effects specification that …

Drug therapy adherence and health outcomes in the presence of physician and patient unobserved heterogeneity

Understanding the role that drug adherence has on health outcomes in everyday clinical practice is central for the policy maker. This is particularly true when patients suffer from asymptomatic chronic conditions (e.g., hypertension, …

Smallholder productivity and weather shocks: Adoption and impact of widely promoted agricultural practices in Tanzania

We investigate the impact of maize-legume intercropping, soil and water conservation practices (SWC), organic fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers and high yielding maize varieties on maize productivity under weather shocks in Tanzania using panel …